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2020.04.17

EU - データ保護に関連したCOVID-19パンデミック対策を支援するアプリケーションのガイダンス

こんにちは、丸山満彦です。

EUがデータ保護に関連したCOVID-19パンデミック対策を支援するアプリケーションのガイダンスを公表していますね。

EU

・2020.04.16 Coronavirus: An EU approach for efficient contact tracing apps to support gradual lifting of confinement measures

・2020.04.15 [PDF] eHealth Network - Mobile applications to support contact tracing in the EU’s fight against COVID-19 - Common EU Toolbox for Member States 

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A common approach for voluntary and privacy-compliant tracing apps

Today's announcement is the first iteration of a common EU toolbox, developed urgently and collaboratively by the e-Health Network with the support of the European Commission. It provides a practical guide for Member States in the implementation of contact tracing and warning apps. The toolbox sets out the essential requirements for these apps:

  • They should be fully compliant with the EU data protection and privacy rules, as put forward by the guidance presented today following consultation with the European Data Protection Board.
  • They should be implemented in close coordination with, and approved by, public health authorities.
  • They should be installed voluntarily, and dismantled as soon as no longer needed.
  • They should aim to exploit the latest privacy-enhancing technological solutions. Likely to be based on Bluetooth proximity technology, they do not enable tracking of people's locations.
  • They should be based on anonymised data: They can alert people who have been in proximity for a certain duration to an infected person to get tested or self-isolate, without revealing the identity of the people infected.
  • They should be interoperable across the EU so that citizens are protected even when they cross borders.
  • They should be anchored in accepted epidemiological guidance, and reflect best practice on cybersecurity, and accessibility.
  • They should be secure and effective. 

While allowing for easier, quicker and more efficient tracing than traditional systems based on interviews with infected patients, manual tracing will continue to cover citizens who could be more vulnerable to infection but are less likely to have a smartphone, such as elderly or disabled persons.

A common approach to other functionalities, in particular on information and symptom tracking, may be developed in future iterations of the toolbox.

 

CONTENT
I THE ROLE OF MOBILE APPS IN COMBATING COVID-19
1. Background
2. Contact tracing and warning
3. Tracing and warning apps
4. Rationale for a Common EU approach to tracing and warning apps.
5. Objective and structure
6. Scope

II OVERVIEW OF COVID-19 APPS CURRENTLY AVAILABLE
1. Global developments
2. European initiatives

III A COMMON APPROACH TO MOBILE CONTACT TRACING AND WARNING APPLICATIONS
1. Essential requirements for national apps and cross-border interoperability
 a. Epidemiologic framework
 b. Technical functionalities
 c. Cross-border interoperability requirements
 d. Cybersecurity
 e. Safeguards
2. Accessibility and inclusiveness.
3. Governance and approval of tracing apps
4. Supporting Actions
 a. Sharing of epidemiological information between national public health authorities and cooperation with ECDC
 b. Prevent proliferation of harmful apps
 c. Monitoring the effectiveness of the apps

IV. COMMUNICATIONS

V TOWARDS A COMMON SOLUTION: CONCLUSION AND NEXT STEPS
a. Developing further the interoperability framework, evaluating and extending the toolbox to additional functionalities
b. Urgent engagement with owners of the mobile operating
systems
c. Use of mobility data to inform anti COVID-19 measures and exit strategy
d. Cybersecurity
e. Explore cutting-edge and privacy enhancing technical solutions.

ANNEX I: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR A COMMON APPROACH TO MOBILE TRACING APPS Security testing and independent review

ANNEX II: BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON CONTACT TRACING.

ANNEX III: BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON SYMPTOM CHECKER FUNCTIONALITIES

ANNEX IV: INVENTORY MOBILE SOLUTIONS AGAINST COVID-19
1. Governmental initiatives
2. Citizen movements initiatives
3. Private company initiatives

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« ドイツ連邦政府 「COVID19の流行を抑制するための公衆衛生上の制限」についての決定 at 2020.04.15 | Main | COVID-19感染対策用のアプリケーションは位置情報を追跡する必要はない。。。 »