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2012.01.30

「私のことはもう忘れて...」という権利?(^^) EUのデータ保護ルールの改定案

 こんにちは、丸山満彦です。EUから、データ保護ルールの改定案が公表されていますね。。。

・規則(Regulation)になり、EUで共通に適用されることにより単一規則となる
・企業から監督機関への通知が不要となる
・国をまたがっていても、主要なひとつのDPAへの対応でよくなる
・罰金が強化され、最大€100万または会社のグローバル年間売​​上高の2%となる
・忘れられる権利(right to be forgotten)
などなど。。。

 
■EU
・2012.01.25 Commission proposes a comprehensive reform of the data protection rules

・Press Release => Commission proposes a comprehensive reform of data protection rules to increase users' control of their data and to cut costs for businesses

・Memo => Data protection reform: Frequently asked questions

Press Conference with Vice President Reding: Commission proposes a comprehensive reform of EU data protection rules

主要な変更点
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Key changes in the reform include:

•A single set of rules on data protection, valid across the EU. Unnecessary administrative requirements, such as notification requirements for companies, will be removed. This will save businesses around €2.3 billion a year.
•Instead of the current obligation of all companies to notify all data protection activities to data protection supervisors – a requirement that has led to unnecessary paperwork and costs businesses €130 million per year, the Regulation provides for increased responsibility and accountability for those processing personal data.
•For example, companies and organisations must notify the national supervisory authority of serious data breaches as soon as possible (if feasible within 24 hours).
•Organisations will only have to deal with a single national data protection authority in the EU country where they have their main establishment. Likewise, people can refer to the data protection authority in their country, even when their data is processed by a company based outside the EU. Wherever consent is required for data to be processed, it is clarified that it has to be given explicitly, rather than assumed.
•People will have easier access to their own data and be able to transfer personal data from one service provider to another more easily (right to data portability). This will improve competition among services.
•A ‘right to be forgotten’ will help people better manage data protection risks online: people will be able to delete their data if there are no legitimate grounds for retaining it.
•EU rules must apply if personal data is handled abroad by companies that are active in the EU market and offer their services to EU citizens.
•Independent national data protection authorities will be strengthened so they can better enforce the EU rules at home. They will be empowered to fine companies that violate EU data protection rules. This can lead to penalties of up to €1 million or up to 2% of the global annual turnover of a company.
•A new Directive will apply general data protection principles and rules for police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. The rules will apply to both domestic and cross-border transfers of data.
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« 調査 デロイト 世界のTMT企業(通信・メディア・テクノロジー)を対象としたグローバルセキュリティ調査結果 (Deloitte TMT Security Survey) | Main | 案内 CSIRT ワークショップ 2012 »

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« 調査 デロイト 世界のTMT企業(通信・メディア・テクノロジー)を対象としたグローバルセキュリティ調査結果 (Deloitte TMT Security Survey) | Main | 案内 CSIRT ワークショップ 2012 »